3.0 Network Media and Topologies

3.5 Describe different network topologies.

  • MPLS

  • Point to point

    A point to point topology is one in which two devices share a single path for data and there is nothing that breaks that path.

  • Point to multipoint

    A point to multipoint topology consists of a central base station supporting multiple subscriber stations by providing network access from one location to many.

  • Ring

    A ring topology connects computers in a continuous loop with no open end. This type of topology is often used in Token Ring or fiber optic networks.

  • Star

    A star topology uses a central point through which devices connect.

  • Mesh

    A mesh topology is one in which devices are connected with multiple connections between network devices.

  • Bus

    A Bus topology uses a common backbone to connect all devices.

  • Peer-to-peer

    A peer-to-peer topology is one in which two or more computers are connected and share resources without going through a separate server computer.

  • Client-server

    A client-server topology is one in which one computer or server provides services to multiple workstations or clients.

  • Hybrid

    A hybrid topology is a combination of two or more basic network topologies, such as a star-bus, star-ring, or hybrid-mesh topology.