2.0 Network Installation and Configuration

2.3 Explain the purpose and properties of DHCP.

The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is a network configuration protocol that enables a server on an IP network to automatically assign an IP address to a computer from a predetermined range of numbers. The most essential information needed is an IP address, and a default route and routing prefix. DHCP controls the assignment of unique dynamic IP addresses and routing information, eliminating the manual task by a network administrator.

  • Static vs. dynamic IP addressing

  • Reservations

  • Scopes

  • Leases

  • Options (DNS servers, suffixes)